Maybe some of you already know your blood type, but it is possible that no one yet knows blood type until now.
Actually, blood is one of the dominant factors that determine a person's characteristics. Characteristic of this is due to the differences that exist in the type of protein and carbohydrates are located on the surface of red blood cell membranes.
Blood classification is divided into two classifications, the classification of Rhesus (Rh factor) and ABO. Actually, not only rhesus and ABO antigen alone, but there are 46 other types of antigen present, but other types of antigens were rarely encountered.
Knowing the type of blood is important, especially if we are doing the removal of blood. To make a transfer of blood, it should be the same as if the differing types will lead to follow-back immunological called displacement may lead to various cases of shock, failure of the kidneys, anemia hemolis, the most extreme death.
Also, by knowing your blood type, we also get to know a lot of things. Curious? Consider the following to learn more about the type of human blood.
1. Individuals with blood type A
For those of you who have blood type A, then the signs that can be seen is the presence of red blood cells along with antigen that is located below the surface of the cell membrane. For blood type A, will be able to produce antibodies to antigen B in the blood serum.
2. Individuals with blood type B
For those of you with blood type B, then you have red blood cells with antigen B located on the surface of red blood cells. For blood group B, will be able to produce antibodies to antigen B in the blood serum.
3. Individuals with blood type AB
For those of you who have blood type AB, you have red blood cells with antigen A and antigen B, for the reason that individuals with blood type AB can receive a variety of group AB positive blood transfusions from people who have blood type A, B, and O. Thus the blood group AB called universal recipients.
However, for those of you who have blood type AB positive, you can not receive blood transfusions from blood group AB positive.
4. Individuals with blood type O
For those of you who have blood type O, blood is red blood cells, but do not have a lot of antigen, but blood type O is able to produce antibodies to antigen A and antigen B.
Therefore, for those of you who have blood type O negative can you donate your blood to various types of groups, such as A, B, AB and O itself.
Therefore, blood type O is called the universal blood donor, but for those of you who have blood type O negative, you can only receive blood transfusions from the same group donate blood, which is negative.
In this world, blood is blood type O is the easiest to find, but not for some countries such as Norway and Sweden, who discovered the blood group A are easier to find.
The rarest blood type in the world is blood type AB.
How to classify blood by ABO group was originally discovered by Karl Lansteiner, a scientist nationality Austria. He also gained the Nobel Prize in medicine in 1930 as well as physiological.
In fact, every individual should know their own blood group types. There are so many benefits we can get from it, as a small example when you need a blood transfusion guidelines, you do not have passed the stage of checking again, you can simply get the blood according to your blood type.
Hopefully, through articles Recognize the Human Blood Types, growing awareness for us all to realize how important these little things.